Dragon Boat Festival Capriccio

Lunar May 5 is the Dragon Boat Festival, a traditional folk festival in China. It is one of the ancient traditional festivals of the Chinese nation. Dragon Boat Festival is also called Duanwu, Duanyang. In addition, such as: noon festival, Heavy Five Festival, May Festival, Bath Orchid Festival, Girl’s Day, Tianzhong festival, di la Festival, Poem Festival, Dragon day and so on. Although the names are different, generally speaking, the customs of festivals of people from all over the country are more than different. The Dragon Boat Festival is a traditional habit of Chinese people for more than two thousand years. Due to the vast territory, numerous nationalities and many stories and legends, not only many different festival names have emerged, and there are different customs in different places. Some activities, such as dragon boat racing, have gained new development, breaking through the boundaries of time and region and becoming international sports events. According to the records of more than 100 ancient books listed by scholar Wen Yiduo in “Dragon Boat Festival examination” and “history education of Dragon Boat Festival” and the archaeological research by experts, the origin of dragon boat festival, it was a totem festival held by Wu and Yue nationalities in southern China, earlier than Qu Yuan. But for thousands of years, Qu Yuan’s patriotism and touching poems have been widely rooted in people’s hearts. Therefore, people cherish and grieve, and talk about their words in the world. Therefore, the theory of commemorating Qu Yuan has the widest and deepest influence, occupying the mainstream position. In the field of folk culture, Chinese people associate the dragon boat race and eating zongzi on the Dragon Boat Festival with commemorating Qu Yuan. In order to carry forward Chinese traditional culture, since the Dragon Boat Festival in 2008, the country has explicitly stipulated it as a legal holiday. This year’s Dragon Boat Festival is approaching quietly in people’s expectation. Thinking that this festival of this year will be spent in other places again, I will inevitably have some feelings in my heart. Speaking of Dragon Boat Festival, there is a habit in my hometown and countryside that the most solemn day of the real festival is not on lunar May 5 every year, but on lunar May 15. However, in this traditional festival, every household has the habit of making zongzi, and this habit starts from lunar May 5 to May 15. During this period, we can say that we can eat zongzi every day. Besides, another thing that attracts attention is the dragon boat race. Speaking of the custom of making zongzi and dragon boat race, now I can only be intoxicated in my memory. Because it has been eight years since I left my hometown and came to a prosperous city. From the year when I left my hometown to today, the Dragon Boat Festival every year is spent in the city. The original habit of spending the Dragon Boat Festival at home is far away from me. In this special time, I have to try hard to find the feeling of the long time. During that period of time every year, the most unforgettable thing is the fragrance of zongzi floating in my memory. According to the records, zongzi first appeared in the Spring and Autumn Period. At that time, there were mainly two kinds of zongzi, which were wrapped with wild leaves (Zizania latiflorum leaves) and made into cattle horn, called Horn millet; Sealed and cooked with bamboo cylinder, said tube dumplings. In Jin dynasty, eating zongzi on Dragon Boat Festival became a national custom. Cooking millet on Dragon Boat Festival in midsummer was clearly recorded in the book “Notes on customs and soil” written by Zhou dynasty of Western Jin Dynasty. At that time, in addition to Rice, the raw material for making zongzi was also added with Chinese herbal medicine Yizhi Ren, which was called Yizhi zongzi. In Tang Dynasty, zongzi had become a necessary food for Dragon Boat Festival. The poems of Yao Hezhu in Tang Dynasty, which were singing fishing songs, wind and fragrant rice dumplings, reflected the popularity of eating rice dumplings at that time. In the Song Dynasty, the rice dumplings wrapped with wormwood leaf soaked in Rice appeared. The wrapping material of zongzi in Yuan Dynasty has changed from wild leaves to indolium leaves, breaking through the seasonal limitation of wild leaves. Zongzi wrapped with reed leaves appeared in Ming Dynasty, and bean paste, pork, pine seed kernel, jujube and walnut appeared as additional materials, with more colorful varieties. Today’s popular Ham zongzi appeared in Qianlong period of Qing Dynasty. Nowadays, there are many kinds of zongzi, which are bright and colorful. In my hometown, Reed leaves are usually used to make zongzi, and there is also a kind of zongzi leaves specially used to make zongzi, which looks like bamboo leaves, but actually not bamboo leaves. The zongzi leaves should be cleaned before wrapping, and the leaf peels should be cut off. However, it should be boiled for 15-20 minutes so that the wrapping will not break. The zongzi wrapped with them, cooked and cooled, then opened with a refreshing peculiar fragrance. It seems simple to pack zongzi, but in fact, you still need to pay attention to skills. In my memory, I like the zongzi wrapped by my grandmother best. Not only the speed is fast, but also the four diamond horns are clear and there is no gap at the corner tip. The main material is white glutinous rice. The leaves of the zongzi cooked in this way will not break, and the zongzi body will be harder when pressing with fingers. After peeling off the leaves layer by layer in this way, the ripe glutinous rice inside is strong and fragrant, which is full of elasticity after eating a bite. Because it is tightly packed and can be stored in clear water, the water outside the zongzi will not enter, so it will not deteriorate for many days, and the fragrance is the same as before. Just change the water once a day. If the package is not firm and there are too much or too little sticky rice inside, the cooked zongzi will either break the leaves or be soft, and the water will easily get through the cracks at the crack or the water chestnut, the fragrance of this kind of zongzi is not strong enough, and the preservation time is not long enough. The taste is very different. The seasoning for eating zongzi is also the only one, which is dipping in sweet sugar. In the city, for several years, although the zongzi I have eaten are mixed with various additives in glutinous rice, I can’t feel the unique fragrance of my hometown. In my feeling, there should be a strong nostalgia in the fragrance of zongzi in my hometown. At this moment, it seemed that my white-haired mother and my 80-year-old grandmother were wrapping zongzi in front of me. The habit of making zongzi is held every year in my hometown, but the habit of dragon boat race has been forgotten for many years. Nowadays, it is not easy for villagers to see the lively scene of dragon boat races in the past. Unless you spend money on taking a passenger bus to the downtown area dozens of kilometers away in advance to watch the annual dragon boat race. Many years ago, in the small river running through the hometown village, we could watch the dragon boat grand occasion organized spontaneously by nearby villages every year. This is a simple thing. I remember that on the Dragon Boat Festival last year, I wrote a memoirs of the distant country dragon boat race, which described the scene at that time like this: with several loud and rhythmic drums coming, the dragon boats of each group were drawn to the competition site from different directions. People from all villages put on new clothes, especially young men and women, showing their beautiful elegant demeanour. On the way of the dragon boat moving forward slowly, people swarmed along both sides. Along the way, all relatives and friends had already prepared the gifts (gifts such as famous cigarettes, good wine, fish and meat) and firecrackers in different places where the dragon boat was going. Wherever they went, the sound of gongs and drums, the sound of firecrackers, the flying of colorful flags and the continuous sound of laughter made them extremely lively. At about 10 o’clock in the morning, on the broad river, the competition began. As long as there were two dragon boats together, they would think of a competition and would turn the dragon boats in the same direction, slowly draw them side by side. When the tap is aligned with each other on the water surface, the respective boats will sound at the same time! Stomp! Stomp! Strong drum. At this time, you will see that with the drum, the paddlers on the ship pushed the water back to the ship in harmony and powerfully with the gestures of qindi oars and oars. After a while, the drum became Dong! Bang! This repeated knock. At this time, the rowers seemed to feel a surge of power spreading all over their bodies, and at the same time, they were paddling at a faster pace, I saw the whistle at the helm and the young man who held the helm shaking the long helm rapidly, holding the direction of the dragon boat heading forward. In this way, they struggled until one of the dragon boats was left far behind. Sometimes there are three or four dragon boats competing at the same time, of course, the winner is the most eye-catching. It became the focus of people’s discussion after the competition. In my life experience, I became a dragon boat racing player personally. It was when I was in my prime, and that year was just 25 years old. In that competition, when we all heard the sound of firm, passionate and powerful drums, we would be spirited and march forward bravely. The drummer at that time was my father. Now, the inspiring scene and the spirit of perseverance and struggle in that competition are always in my memory. Although my father had been away from me for five years, and his death was one day during the period from lunar May 5 to 15. My father’s image as a drummer in the dragon boat race made me unforgettable. In this special festival, the drumming in my memory sounded the drumming of my life, urging me to move forward! The grand occasion of zongzi incense and dragon boat race in hometown, as well as the lost relatives in hometown, can only meet in dreams during this year’s Dragon Boat Festival. The only way for me to spend this festival was to write down this random article and to turn over a small pocket book named Chu Ci which I just bought. I especially like one of the long lyric poems Lisao, which is the representative work of Qu Yuan, a great patriotic poet. After the book of songs, it is another new collection of poems and songs in the poetry circle of our country. It is the most magnificent lyric long poem in ancient China, and it has been honored as a masterpiece to compete with the sun and the moon for over two thousand years. In this poem, Qu Yuan described his life experience, life, pursuit of beauty and his unfortunate experience; Expressed the lofty patriotism spirit of the great poet, and the firm character of dying for his ideal, however, the road is long and the road is long. I will go up and down to search for it, and it will become a masterpiece spreading through the ages. I think, on the day of Dragon Boat Festival, many people will recall this great patriotic poet, who will gain new power from his long road and long journey, and I will search up and down, feel the new road of life and gradually move towards glory.

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